Imitation in the development of children
Young children are the most skilled imitators. Imitation plays an essential role in the development of the child as its main learning engine. It is a vital component of language and speech development. It also has implications for the social skills of the baby, and cognitive development is also aided by the tendency of the little ones to copy what the people around them are doing.
What does imitation mean to children?
Imitation is a natural process from the development of children that appears since they are very young. Imitation is the ability of the child to copy the behavior of another person.
What role does imitation play?
Imitation has implications in several aspects of child rearing and development as follows:
• it is a way of learning;
• represents a way to socialize and to link relationships with others;
• it is a form of communication;
• it can be a form of play;
• it is an impulse for the development of language in infants;
• helps the child's cognitive development;
• it helps to evaluate the little one in terms of responsiveness, spontaneity and creativity;
• it helps him to adapt better in different situations.
Development of imitation in children according to age
Baby between 4-7 months
During this time, the baby listens attentively to everything that is being said by those around him, either reading stories or talking to him about changing diapers. When the caller pauses, he or she may gang up. It is part of the development of language in children.
The baby of 8 months
Around the age of 8 months, children imitate the simple actions and expressions of the face of those with whom they interact:
• can copy the action of bringing the hands to the face and to hide the face, as parents sometimes play with them;
• can mimic a familiar gesture, which he often sees in the interaction with others, such as clapping; to press a button on the remote control as seen by the parents or to manipulate a toy as seen by the parents;
• can provide smiles in response to another smile received from the one who communicates with him.
Baby between 9-17 months
The baby has the ability to mimic sounds that parents bring out around him or even simple words. He also imitates the smile when the person in front of him does it.
The baby of 18 months
At 18 months the sphere of actions that the baby can imitate widens - besides the simple imitation of the expressions, it goes to actions that he sees in others:
• From now on, he can imitate his parents when they take the phone in their hand and start talking, so don't be surprised if you hear the little boy suddenly saying a "hello" rattalmacado while grabbing the phone with which he has seen you juggling a short time ago;
• if he sees you as a mature man, he will also tend to grasp and begin to imitate your movements;
• if he has a younger brother and sees how he falls asleep, it is possible for the baby to take a baby doll and proceed in the same way to sleep it;
• When playing with it and handling all kinds of toys, you will notice that it will be careful and willing to make the same moves as yours with the toys.
The child between 19 and 35 months
During this period, the child can already select from what he is told the most important term and repeat it after you:
• often imitates the last 2-3 words of a phrase;
• imitates the sounds that are heard in or around the house, such as the sound of the car alarm, the melody heard on the radio, the sounds of the washing machine, etc .;
• copy many activities that others do and is always beside others trying to imitate their behavior;
• imitate what they are told, the directives that parents give them as a small parrot; maybe not as soon as he hears them, but in a few moments you can hear that what you have told him will tell you himself;
• mimic the way family members talk to each other; it is a delicate period when you have to take care of what you are talking about because they immediately assimilate new words, and they are not always suitable for a child's vocabulary.
The child of 3 years
At 3 years of age, the child begins to say a few words, so he has a part of the developed language and has evolved locomotor abilities. He is able to imitate and play just as many of the actions he sees in you. This time I'm no longer so simple, being able to render precisely a real complex of actions:
• If you see that you have a routine every morning, preparing breakfast, washing and dressing for work, preparing your bag and taking leave of your loved ones, the child will try to redo every step of your life by pretending - it is that he goes to work too;
• If you had a party of someone's day a day ago or on the weekend, it is possible to catch your little one by playing certain actions and behaviors at the party.
The child between 4-5 years
Between 4 and 5 years old children love to imitate what adults do, to the despair of many parents. All this behavior is part of the development of sociability in children. They want at this age to be like other people.
Little girls love to play with the doll in the same way that mom takes care of a baby, and the boys imitate the way dads repair various things around the house.
However, starting with 4 years of age children begin to develop some independence and tend to be quite authoritarian, both with other playmates and their siblings.
Tags Children Imitating Language Development Social Child Social Development Children