Rarity in children
We are searching data for your request:
Upon completion, a link will appear to access the found materials.
Rahitism is common in children, especially because of the changing climate of the country, which favors this condition.
The family doctor may or may not appreciate this condition correctly, which is why the diagnosis of rickets is made directly to the doctors in the specialized clinics, to make sure that the treatment your child is taking is correct, but not completely unnecessary.
The characteristics of rickets
This disease is common in childhood, especially between 6-18 months, in artificially fed infants. The main cause of rickets is the lack of vitamin D, which causes disruption of phosphorus and calcium metabolism.
The effects are seen mainly in the bone system, especially in the skull, ribs, chest, spine.
In some cases, the teeth appear later. If the proper treatment is not given in time, the bones remain deformed throughout life.
The treatment of rickets implies a proper diet, the administration of vitamin D in the doses established by the doctor, exposures to air and sun (ultraviolet are helpful).
Rahitism versus chest excavated
It is necessary to differentiate the malformation of the thorax called "thorax excavated" by the modifications of a rachitic thorax, because the therapeutic approach is completely different, according to Alina Pop-Began, resident doctor - Anesthesia and Intensive Care.
What does excavated chest mean
Compared to rickets, the excavated thorax is a malformation of the thorax, whose etiology is not completely known, today considered to have a hereditary character, characterized by a curvature towards the posterior (infusion) of the lower half of the sternum.
Although present at birth, the filling of the sternum is not observed most often than later, in the early years of childhood, after the age of 3-4 years when it becomes more evident. The filling of the sternum is progressive, being able to reach adolescence in three dimensions.
Although it causes aesthetic problems, the excavated chest can be dangerous if it is an advanced form, because it can affect cardiac and respiratory function, according to resident Dr. Alina Pop-Began.
The pediatric surgeon is the one who usually diagnoses excavated chest and can appreciate which is the most appropriate treatment on a case-by-case basis: medical gymnastics, surgical correction, etc. But if the doctor deems it necessary, he may also recommend a cardiological consultation.
Wrong diagnoses of rickets
There are many symptoms of rickets that may correspond to other conditions, so be sure to take the little one to the specialist doctor who can diagnose correctly.
Vitamin D helps to fix calcium in the bones, and its lack leads to the inability to retain calcium in the body and thus eliminate it (through the urine). Lack of calcium in the body leads to anemia, because calcium promotes iron absorption.
It is not advisable to administer calcium and iron together, as it reduces the efficiency of the treatment.
Sometimes, anemia due to iron deficiency can lead to a so-called functional breath, which disappears after treatment with iron, but a hemolithogram should be done, iron dosing, calcium and alkaline phosphatase for rickets.
In general, rickets are treated with:
- calcium and vitamin D, in the doses and duration established by the pediatric doctor;
- medical gymnastics;
- pediatric orthopedics;
- diet high in calcium (milk and its derivatives);
A diet too high in calcium leads to hypercalcemia, which can promote the appearance or increase of kidney stones (stones), as is the case with excess chocolate or meat.
The pediatrician, after the clinical consultation, is the one who can guide you regarding any investigations and the treatment scheme. Follow the instructions of the pediatrician and work with him to treat and prevent the complications of rickets.
Tags Rahitism in babies