Urinary incontinence after birth
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Postpartum urinary incontinence is a common secondary reaction of vaginal birth. Normally the nerves, ligaments, and lower pelvic muscles work together to support the bladder and keep the urethra closed so that the urine does not leak. Injury or overloading of the area during pregnancy may cause them to stop functioning properly.
The postpartum period is full of physical and emotional changes. They actually represent how your body gradually begins to return to shape before pregnancy. Initially, however, you will go through a postnatal recovery period that involves a number of factors and reactions of the body caused by the birth process. These include urinary incontinence.
Urinary incontinence after birth, when you are at risk?
- If you suffer from stress urinary incontinence during pregnancy or have had it before, then you are likely to experience it after birth. A very small percentage of mothers experience the problem for the first time without having had any problems before;
- Also, if you give birth naturally (vaginally) the chances of having postpartum incontinence are higher than those who did cesarean section;
- Some specialists argue that assisted vaginal birth, especially the one in which the forceps was used, contributes to the occurrence of incontinence after birth;
- Also, long labor and multiple episodes to push during birth can trigger this problem by overloading the area;
- Macrosomia or the birth of a heavy baby represents another risk factor for this problem;
- Overweight pregnant women, even obese, have a 4-fold increased risk of having urinary stress incontinence after birth;
- There are theories that support a genetic predisposition to cause the postpartum effect;
- Moms who have multiple births are also at increased risk for this condition.
How long does postpartum urinary incontinence last?
It is an immediate postpartum effect and can disappear by itself very quickly in the case of some mothers. For other mothers, incontinence gradually subsides within a few weeks after birth, while in severe cases, it may take months until it completely disappears.
There is no specific treatment for this problem. Some women may experience the problem even years after birth.
What can you do to reduce urinary incontinence?
- there is no specific bullying, but there are some useful measures to consider;
- use pads and absorbents to protect you;
- try to stand leg to leg and tighten your pelvic muscles when you feel the need to squeeze your cough;
- go to the bathroom more often so that your bladder will never be too full;
- do Kegel exercises to tone the area and make them a long-term habit; gives you effective bladder control;
- if you experience pain or itching during urination then go to the doctor.
Tags Urinary incontinence Postpartum urinary incontinence After birth Recovery of birth