Ware

Orthopedic disorders in children

Orthopedic disorders in children



As your child grows up, you may notice that his or her physical development is not perfectly normal. Many children can have conditions such as platelets in the first years of life - congenital malformation of the foot where the sole is too loose (flat foot), although this is not the only orthopedic condition that can occur.
Some of these disorders are corrected in time and by themselves. Others persist and worsen, which means they may be a clue to other conditions. But most are just normal variations of human anatomy, like holes in the cheek, which do not require treatment.
Most children are born with platfus, and then the sole is arched.

In some cases, however, the foot never bends. Parents call this condition "fragile ankles". The ankles appear curved inward because of the flatness of the sole of the foot. In these cases, doctors do not recommend wearing a special shoe, because they do not force arching. Children with platfus appear to be unskilled, but doctors say they can play any kind of sport, and treatment is only necessary in the event of pain. In this case, the doctor will recommend a set of supports that arch the sole and that are placed in the shoes.
Children younger than 2 years of age generally show a tendency to go on peaks. Normally, this tendency disappears after the age of two years, although in some cases it persists. In these cases, however, the child should be consulted by a doctor. If the baby continues to walk on the tips of both legs, or only with one foot, it could be a sign of a possible paralysis, or of another condition of the nervous system. If the child is normal from this point of view, it will be recommended to put the foot in the plaster for a period of 6 weeks, which will help to restore the functioning of the leg muscle.
Between 8 and 15 months, children can develop a condition that is perfectly normal for this age: they can have their toes inwardly! It usually occurs when the little ones start to stand. The treatment is not necessary, being an illness that corrects itself in time.
Genu valgus is an orthopedic disorder that occurs before the age of two. It manifests itself by bending the legs inwards into the knee area. It is a condition that can be inherited. If it occurs at one leg or after 2 years of age, it may indicate the presence of a more serious condition such as rickets or Blount's disease.
Rahitism is a disease that affects the normal development of bones. It is manifested by a severe deficiency of vitamin D or calcium in the body. If it does not have a genetic cause, rickets are treated by enriching the child's diet with vitamin D and calcium.
Blount syndrome affects the tibia and is manifested by an abnormal growth of the head of the tibia that forms the knee.
It is corrected by surgery, when the child is between 3 and 4 years old.
Scoliosis
The backbone of any person is curved. This curvature is necessary for the movement, but in 3 people out of 100 there is a condition that manifests itself by excessive bending of the column in the wrong direction. The cause of this disease remains unknown, but it is known to be a hereditary condition, so the appearance in children can mean that one of the family members has it. Girls are more likely than boys.
It is a disease that can not be detected until after the age of 14 years. Most cases do not require treatment, but if necessary, the child will lead a normal life after the intervention.
Scoliosis manifests as I said through an abnormal spine curve, which has the shape of the letter "S", becomes visible over time and can cause discomfort. In very serious cases it can cause heart problems.
Treatment is not always necessary, as the affected person is likely to wear a bra. It is not an easily detectable condition, but if the doctor deems it necessary to ask you to go to an orthopedist, a specialized doctor will indicate the most suitable treatment for you.
The specialist will measure the degree of curvature of the column. If it is between 10 and 15 degrees, usually it will not recommend treatment, but only regular visits to the doctor. If it is between 20 and 40 degrees, the orthopedist will recommend the use of a bra.
Surgery will be recommended if the bending angle is between 40 and 50 degrees. By wearing a bra, the degree of curvature will not increase in time by more than 5-10 degrees.
These arms are made of lightweight materials and should be worn between 18 and 20 hours a day. Even with the wearing of this arm, 10% of the affected children need surgery, which involves the removal of a segment of bone from the patient's pelvis, which is then inserted between the vertebrae.
This segment will function as a support, straightening the column. It is an operation that lasts about 3-4 hours. At 6 months after the operation, the child can resume almost all his activities. After one year, the welding of the bone seal is complete, and at this time interval can be resumed even practicing a sport.
With the right treatment - whether it involves a brace or surgery - almost any child can have a normal life.

Tags Affections for children