Headaches in children

Headaches in children

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Headaches do not bypass children at all. By the age of 7, almost 40% of children have at least one headache. Most of them are symptoms of common conditions such as colds, infections or even strong emotional stress. There are several types of headaches in children, each involving risks to their health. Find out when it is in danger!

What are the causes of headaches in children?

Some of the most common causes are:

  • colds (respiratory viruses);

  • toothache;

  • infections of the sinuses, eyes, ears and neck;

  • emotional stress;

  • fatigue or exhaustion;

  • dehydration;

  • head trauma (head injuries) etc.

In rare, but not impossible cases, these may be a symptom of the clinical picture of more serious diseases such as:

  • meningitis;

  • tumors on the brain.

Types of headaches in children


Headache (headache) is common in children. Although headache may be an early sign of a wide variety of conditions, the most common cause is stress. Often the fatigue, tension and anticipation of stressful events combine to produce changes in the blood flow from the muscles of the head, neck and head, which ultimately lead to headache.
A child who often suffers from headaches should be carefully examined, including vision. Also, it is necessary to evaluate his school activity, social and family, in order to discover a possible stress-generating factor. Headache that only affects one half of the head and is associated with vision and weakness can be a migraine.
If the headache appears after a fall or head injury, consult your doctor immediately. Headache immediately after waking or waking the baby from sleep can have a cause, which is usually serious.
You should talk to the doctor about any headache of a more special character, associated with dizziness, double vision, nausea, vomiting.


Migraines are hereditary and occur in children in general around the age of 5-8 years. They are one-sided and thrilling and tend to get worse as the child's physical exertion increases. In addition to the obvious headaches, the baby may also have other symptoms:

  • sudden changes of disposition;

  • skin paleness;

  • fatigue;

  • dizziness;

  • blurry vision;

  • food cravings or lack of appetite;

  • nausea;

  • vomiting;

  • fever.

Some children may have hallucinogenic sensations and sensitivity to light and noise.

When are headaches in children dangerous?

If your baby occasionally has a headache there are no worries. But if the headaches begin to have some of the following particularities it is advisable to do a preventive medical checkup:

  • appear suddenly in the morning;

  • I wake him up at night from sleep;

  • increase in intensity and frequency;

  • they are accompanied by visual disturbances;

  • they are accompanied by feather etc.

What are the risks of headaches in children?

Often, headaches occur from minor causes, without serious medical implications. But it is advisable to go to the doctor for further investigations if they are frequent and persistent. Sometimes they can be a sign of serious illnesses such as meningitis or brain tumor.

Headache is the most common symptom in meningitis cases. Children suffering from this disease complain of severe headaches. She is also accompanied by other symptoms such as:

  • very high fever;

  • repeated vomiting;

  • loss of appetite;

  • confusion;

  • smnolenta;

  • light sensitivity etc.

It is unlikely, but not impossible, that your baby will have a brain tumor. It is only responsible for 1 in 40,000 cases of headache in children. However, if your baby complains of severe headaches, which increase in severity, wake him up from sleep, or if his mornings suddenly appear, then go with him to a doctor for routine checkups.

How is headache treated?

When a preschooler complains of headaches, he or she should be promptly taken to the doctor for examination, as it is most often the onset of a disease.

Older children who experience headaches may receive an adequate dose of paracetamol or ibuprofen, followed by a rest period, until it becomes effective.

Sometimes an ice bag can be helpful.

If the headache persists even 4 hours after the child has taken paracetamol or new signs of illness appear, the doctor should be consulted. This will give him a thorough physical check: he will get stress and other vital signs, he will probably require blood tests, etc. If the doctor suspects a condition that is the basis of this pain, he may recommend a CT scan or an MRI exam.

Tags Headaches children