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Whooping cough (donkey cough) in children

Whooping cough (donkey cough) in children


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Coughing or bruising is one of the most serious types of cough in children. It is an infectious and contagious disease commonly encountered in childhood, but at an early age it raises an increased risk of pneumonia and other serious health complications. Here's how you recognize the cough in the baby and what quick steps you need to take to prevent complications!

Causes of whooping cough

Whooping cough is an infectious disease caused by Bordetella pertussis bacteria, located in the airways. When it multiplies, it injures the mucosa and gives rise to the uncomfortable symptoms of the disease.

The disease is transmitted by air or through contact with contaminated objects by a person infected with the bacterium responsible for this disease. When the child is around a person who coughs or touches the objects with which he eats or drinks and then puts his hand to the mouth, it contracts the bacteria and risks the disease. The source of the infection is the patient with a cough, which is contagious for 6 weeks from the beginning of the disease.

Symptoms of donkey cough in children

Symptoms of whooping cough do not appear immediately after infection. It may take up to 3 weeks until the first signs of cough appear in the baby. The onset is generally mild, with symptoms similar to gout and worsens as time passes.

The first symptoms of cough are:

  • runny nose;
  • nasal congestion;
  • sneezing;
  • red eyes and tears;
  • mild fever;
  • lethargic condition;
  • dry cough.

After about a week after onset, the symptoms begin to worsen. The mucus accumulates inside the airways and triggers uncontrollable and painful episodes of coughing.

Severe and prolonged seizures can cause:

  • vomiting;
  • fatigue;
  • redness or aging of the face;
  • spastic, severe, persistent and noisy cough, tiring for the child.

The child does not have to go through all these symptoms. The clearest indication, which should send you quickly with the child to the doctor, is the way in which the cough manifests: noisy, with wheezing, irritation and paroxysmal episodes.

Donkey cough increases the risk of pneumonia, especially in children under 5 years old.

Also read: The most dangerous diseases for your child

Incubation

Whooping cough lasts between 7 and 14 days. During the incubation there is no special sign.

The disease develops in 3 phases:

Invasion phase (debut, catarrh) lasts 7-10 days. The beginning is deceptive, resembling a banal infection of the nose and throat. At first the cough is uncharacteristic, but it becomes more and more frequent and rebellious in the cough relievers. At this stage the disease is difficult to recognize. Unfortunately, in those days the contagiousness of the disease is the highest.

The phase phase (condition, convulsive stage). The cough becomes more and more frequent, spastic, until the characteristic accessions appear: the baby coughs shaken, 10 to 20 times, more and more rapidly until the breath stops in exhalation; the baby blushes and even gets old; it is what is called straight.

After several bags of coughs, a deep, whistling inspiration follows, which the authors have likened to donkey mackerel, coconut song or chickens' quail; the inspirational stage is called Half.
More rounds and more halves form one cough access. The cough access is shaking, tormenting, the baby is shaking, it is red in the face. Access ends with an expectoration consisting of secretions and mucous membranes, white, viscous, sticky, often the baby shed. Cough access is variable in number; in mild forms a few, in severe forms dozens of times, especially at night.

Also read: Complete list of contagious diseases in young children


The peak of frequency is towards the 3rd week of the disease, in the interval between accessions, the condition of the child is good. The temperature is normal; in case of fever, a complication must be suspected. Due to the coughing effort, the child tears, has red conjunctivae, eyelids are swollen, and the face is drooping. In children with lower incisors, ulceration of the tongue can occur, a hallmark of the disease. Sometimes crises occur due to food, crying, temperature changes, smoke, etc.

Convalescent phase (decline) appears towards the 5th week and is characterized by the rarity and the attenuation of coughing access. However, in the months to come, when the airway is trivial, the cough reappears, wearing a convulsive allure. Nervous children can cough this way for a long time.

Treatment of whooping cough

The treatment of whooping cough is prescribed by the doctor, who first consults the child and submits it to a pharyngeal exudate (a saliva test that indicates the presence of the bacterium in the body). Because of a bacterial infection, cough is treated with antibiotics. Only these drugs can kill the disease-causing bacteria and help the child's body recover quickly.

Cold and flu medicines are very less effective in cough, contributing only to the alleviation of the symptoms of the disease. But it does not completely cure this type of cough. At a young age, doctors recommend the admission of children to the hospital and their careful monitoring, in order to prevent complications.

Vaccination is the most effective means of prophylaxis. In our country, the vaccination of antipertusis (A.R) is done with the associated vaccine (Di-Te-Per - Diphtheria-Tetanic-Pertusis). Parents are obliged to go to the family doctor when planning the vaccination. Rarely are incidents and accidents after vaccination. In children in whom after the first or second Di-Te-Per vaccination a neurological symptom has appeared, bivaccine (Di-Te) will be given in the future. In fact, it is advisable for children who have "suffered" at birth (low Apgar score) to be vaccinated without the Pertusis (Per) fraction.

Donkey cough is a childhood-specific affection and many children have the misfortune to go through, at least once, her "torments". Did your child deal with the uncomfortable symptoms of this disease? Tell us how you helped him get through this period more easily in the comment section below!

Tags Cough convulsive children Types of cough children Cough children